We’ve reached a point now where anyone who can’t see inflation is clearly not paying attention.
Inflation has now become so ridiculous that, according to the Wall Street Journal, even the price of a USED car is increasing… by a lot.
Since January 2020, NEW car prices have increased 9.6%. But USED car prices are up 16.7% over the same period.
This is pretty extraordinary given that used cars are supposed to depreciate. According to one used car dealer, “What is normally a depreciable asset has been appreciating. It’s certainly surreal. . .”
It’s not just used cars, of course. Prices across the economy are rising rapidly. NielsenIQ retail price data sets show that consumer goods have been rising in excess of 10% over the last year on everything from beauty products to seafood prices (which have risen by 18.7% over the past three months).
There are lots of reasons for inflation.
For example, there’s plenty of pent-up consumer demand from people having been locked down for more than a year, at a time when many businesses are still closed or operating at below normal capacity.
This combination of high demand and tight supply is causing prices to rise. And in theory that’s a temporary phenomenon.
But there are other, more permanent factors that could continue pushing prices up for a long time.
For starters, governments around the world are proposing higher taxes– carbon taxes, Value-Added Taxes, higher corporate income taxes. This is all inflationary, because eventually these tax costs are passed on to consumers.
The more important contributor to inflation, though, is astonishing quantity of new money in the financial system, thanks in large part to massive government spending.
In the US alone, the federal government is trying to pass spending bills totaling $11+ trillion this year.
And that’s on top of the trillions of dollars in deficit spending from last year.
This is all extremely inflationary; every single one of these big spending initiatives is paid for with borrowed money, i.e. increasing the national debt.
These days, Uncle Sam’s principal lender is the central bank– the Federal Reserve– which simply conjures new money out of thin air before loaning it to the government.
The Federal Reserve has created so much money that they nearly doubled the size of their balance sheet last year… and increased money supply more than any year in US history except for 1943.
All of this excess money in the system creates inflation.
Think about it– if you have the same amount (or fewer) goods and services in an economy, but twice as much money in the system, then the prices of those goods and services are bound to rise.
That’s precisely what’s happening now.
Moreover, the Fed won’t do anything about it. They’ve been dismissive of inflation and have even called for the US government to spend even MORE money!
(which means that the Fed would continue expanding the money supply even more…)
Even if one day they do acknowledge an inflation problem, they won’t be able to do much about it.
Traditionally, central banks fight inflation by raising interest rates, which causes consumers and businesses to spend less, demand to cool off, and prices to stabilize.
But the Fed can’t raise interest rates to any meaningful level anymore.
In the 1970s when ‘official’ inflation rates surpassed 10%, the Fed ratcheted interest rates up to as high as TWENTY percent.
But if interest rates hit even 7 or 8% today, financial markets everywhere would collapse. The stock market would crash, real estate prices would plummet, and the US government would default on its debt.
Interest rates have been so low for so long that no one can afford ‘normal’ interest rates anymore.
The Fed knows this. Sure, they’ll make a few symbolic 0.5% rate increases to show everyone they mean business.
But for the most part, they’re likely to ignore higher inflation in order to prevent a total financial meltdown.
So, since you can’t rely on the Federal Reserve to protect the purchasing power of your savings, you’ll need to take matters into your own hands.
Here are a few thoughts to consider:
1) Don’t make bad investments just to protect against inflation.
Many investors are obsessing about inflation now to the point that it’s pushing them into terrible investments.
For example, “Treasury Inflation Protected Securities”, or ‘TIPS’, are commonly recommended as an inflation hedge.
TIPS are a special type of government bond issued for up to 30 years; they’re supposed to hold their value during times of inflation.
But if you’re not the type of person who would ordinarily loan money to the government for three decades, then why even consider buying 30-year TIPS simply as an inflation hedge?
2) Think about individual assets, not asset classes
A lot of people suggest buying ‘stocks’ or ‘property’ or ‘commodities’ as an inflation hedge, with the thinking that asset prices often rise during inflationary times.
This is not necessarily true.
In the 1970s when inflation soared in the US, for example, the Dow Jones Industrial Average actually DECLINED, especially when adjusted for inflation.
But that doesn’t mean that every stock fell every year.
Eastman-Kodak, for example, soared 68% in 1975 alone. Overall the market fell, but the performance of individual companies varied wildly, based on management and market conditions.
Similarly, property prices varied wildly during the Weimar Republic’s hyperinflation in the 1920s.
Residential apartments suffered from rent control policies, making them terrible investments. But farmland and industrial property performed very well.
Point is, asset performance will not be uniform. So rather than investing in broad asset classes like ‘stocks’ or ‘real estate’, focus on individual assets.
3) Quality always matters
In good times, even mediocre assets can perform well. We see this every day as joke cryptocurrencies and perennially unprofitable companies hit record highs.
But in bad times these mediocre investments tend to be washed away very quickly. Quality investments survive.
Quality varies from asset to asset, but one aspect I often consider is scarcity.
In business, for example, talented, honest management is extremely scarce. Powerful intellectual property is scarce.
In residential real estate, privileged locations are scarce. In farmland, water resources and soil fertility are scarce.
In cryptocurrency, code which provides both efficient scalablity and real utility is scarce.
It’s always a good idea to invest in scarce, high quality assets. But this is especially true in difficult times.
As always, the best investment you can ever make is the investment you make in yourself– primarily, the right education to help make intelligent, rational decisions, even in difficult circumstances.