Cost Of Living Index

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#Country or TerritoryRegion
COST OF LIVING
GENERAL PRICE LEVEL
SAFETY
Most people find this country to be …
CLIMATE
Most people find the country's climate …
AIR & WATER POLLUTION
Most people find the country's air & water …
ENGLISH PROFICIENCYTAXATION TYPE
AfghanistanAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
AlbaniaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
AlgeriaMiddle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
AndorraEurope Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
AngolaSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
Antigua and BarbudaNorth and South America Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Native
No personal income tax
ArgentinaNorth and South America Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
ArmeniaEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
AustraliaOceania Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
AustriaEurope Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
AzerbaijanAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
BahamasNorth and South America Expensive (5/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Native
No personal income tax
BahrainMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
BangladeshAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
BarbadosNorth and South America Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
BelarusEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
BelgiumEurope Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
BelizeNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Territorial
BeninSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Bermuda (UK)North and South America Extreme (7/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
No personal income tax
BhutanAsia Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
BoliviaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
BotswanaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
BrazilNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
BruneiAsia Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
BulgariaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Burkina FasoSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
BurundiSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
CambodiaAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
CameroonSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
CanadaNorth and South America Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Cape VerdeSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Cayman Islands (UK)North and South America Extreme (7/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
No personal income tax
Central African RepublicSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
ChadSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Clean (2/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
ChileNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
ChinaAsia Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
ColombiaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
ComorosSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Costa RicaNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
CroatiaEurope Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
CubaNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Curacao (Netherlands)North and South America Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
CyprusEurope Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Czech RepublicEurope Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Democratic Republic of the CongoSub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
DenmarkEurope Very expensive (6/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
DjiboutiSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
DominicaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Dominican RepublicNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
East TimorAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
EcuadorNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
EgyptMiddle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
El SalvadorNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Equatorial GuineaSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
EritreaSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
Citizenship-based
EstoniaEurope Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
EswatiniSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
EthiopiaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
FijiOceania Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
FinlandEurope Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
FranceEurope Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
GabonSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
GambiaSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
GeorgiaEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
GermanyEurope Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
GhanaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
GreeceEurope Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
GrenadaNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Territorial
GuatemalaNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
GuineaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Guinea-BissauSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
GuyanaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Residence-based
HaitiNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
HondurasNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Hong KongAsia Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
HungaryEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Citizenship-based
IcelandEurope Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
IndiaAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
IndonesiaAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
IranAsia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
IraqMiddle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
IrelandEurope Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
IsraelMiddle East and North Africa Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
ItalyEurope Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Ivory CoastSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
JamaicaNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based
JapanAsia Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
JordanMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
KazakhstanAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
KenyaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
KiribatiOceania Very cheap (2/7) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
KosovoEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
KuwaitMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
KyrgyzstanAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
LaosAsia Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
LatviaEurope Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
LebanonMiddle East and North Africa Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
LesothoSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
LiberiaSub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
LibyaMiddle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
LiechtensteinEurope Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
LithuaniaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
LuxembourgEurope Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
MacauAsia Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
MadagascarSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MalawiSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
MalaysiaAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
MaldivesAsia Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
MaliSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MaltaEurope Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based
Marshall IslandsOceania Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
MauritaniaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MauritiusSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
MexicoNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MicronesiaOceania Moderate (4/7) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
MoldovaEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
MonacoEurope Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
No personal income tax
MongoliaAsia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MontenegroEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MoroccoMiddle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MozambiqueSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
MyanmarAsia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Citizenship-based
NamibiaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
NauruOceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
NepalAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
NetherlandsEurope Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
New ZealandOceania Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
NicaraguaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
NigerSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
NigeriaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
North KoreaAsia Moderate (4/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)Not enough information
North MacedoniaEurope Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
NorwayEurope Extreme (7/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
OmanMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very Low (5/5)
No personal income tax
PakistanAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
PalauOceania Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
PalestineMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
PanamaNorth and South America Moderate (4/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Papua New GuineaOceania Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
ParaguayNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
PeruNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
PhilippinesAsia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
PolandEurope Very cheap (2/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
PortugalEurope Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Puerto Rico (USA)North and South America Moderate (4/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
QatarMiddle East and North Africa Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
Republic of the CongoSub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
RomaniaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
RussiaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
RwandaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Saint Kitts and NevisNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
No personal income tax
Saint LuciaNorth and South America Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Native
Territorial
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Residence-based
SamoaOceania Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
San MarinoEurope Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Sao Tome and PrincipeSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
No personal income tax
SenegalSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
SerbiaEurope Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
SeychellesSub Saharan Africa Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
Sierra LeoneSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
SingaporeAsia Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
SlovakiaEurope Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
SloveniaEurope Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Solomon IslandsOceania Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
SomaliaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
South AfricaSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
South KoreaAsia Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
South SudanSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
SpainEurope Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Sri LankaAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
SudanMiddle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
SurinameNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
SwedenEurope Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
SwitzerlandEurope Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
SyriaMiddle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
TaiwanAsia Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
TajikistanAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
TanzaniaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
ThailandAsia Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
TogoOceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
TongaOceania Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Trinidad and TobagoNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based
TunisiaMiddle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
TurkeyAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
TurkmenistanAsia Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
TuvaluOceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Territorial
UgandaSub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
UkraineEurope Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East and North Africa Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
No personal income tax
United KingdomEurope Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Native
Residence-based
United StatesNorth and South America Very expensive (6/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Citizenship-based
UruguayNorth and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
UzbekistanAsia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
VanuatuOceania Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
No personal income tax
VenezuelaNorth and South America Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
VietnamAsia Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
YemenMiddle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
ZambiaSub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
ZimbabweSub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
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