The Sovereign Man
Cost Of Living Index

# Country or Territory Region
COST OF LIVING
GENERAL PRICE LEVEL
SAFETY
Most people find this country to be …
CLIMATE
Most people find the country's climate …
AIR & WATER POLLUTION
Most people find the country's air & water …
ENGLISH PROFICIENCY TAXATION TYPE
Afghanistan Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Albania Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Algeria Middle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Andorra Europe Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based*
Angola Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
Antigua and Barbuda North and South America Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Native
No personal income tax
Argentina North and South America Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based*
Armenia Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Australia Oceania Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based*
Austria Europe Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Azerbaijan Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Bahamas North and South America Expensive (5/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Native
No personal income tax
Bahrain Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
Bangladesh Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Barbados North and South America Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Belarus Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Belgium Europe Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Belize North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Territorial
Benin Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Bermuda North and South America Extreme (7/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Bhutan Asia Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Bolivia North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Botswana Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Brazil North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Brunei Asia Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
Bulgaria Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Burkina Faso Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Burundi Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Cambodia Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Cameroon Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Canada North and South America Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Cape Verde Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Cayman Islands North and South America Extreme (7/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
No personal income tax
Central African Republic Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Chad Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Clean (2/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Chile North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based*
China Asia Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Colombia North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Comoros Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Costa Rica North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Croatia Europe Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Cuba North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Curacao North and South America Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Cyprus Europe Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Czech Republic Europe Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Democratic Republic of the Congo Sub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Denmark Europe Very expensive (6/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Djibouti Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
Dominica North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Dominican Republic North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Ecuador North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Egypt Middle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
El Salvador North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Equatorial Guinea Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Eritrea Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Low (4/5)
Citizenship-based*
Estonia Europe Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Eswatini Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
Ethiopia Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Fiji Oceania Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Finland Europe Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
France Europe Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based*
Gabon Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Gambia Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Georgia Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Germany Europe Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Ghana Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Greece Europe Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Grenada North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Territorial
Guatemala North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Guinea Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Guinea-Bissau Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Guyana North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Residence-based
Haiti North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Honduras North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Hong Kong Asia Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Hungary Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Citizenship-based*
Iceland Europe Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
India Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Indonesia Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Iran Asia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based*
Iraq Middle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based*
Ireland Europe Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Israel Middle East and North Africa Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Italy Europe Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Ivory Coast Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Jamaica North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based
Japan Asia Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based*
Jordan Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Kazakhstan Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Kenya Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Kosovo Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Kuwait Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
Kyrgyzstan Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Laos Asia Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Latvia Europe Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Lebanon Middle East and North Africa Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Lesotho Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Liberia Sub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Libya Middle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
Liechtenstein Europe Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Lithuania Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Luxembourg Europe Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Macau Asia Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Madagascar Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Malawi Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Malaysia Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Maldives Asia Moderate (4/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Mali Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Malta Europe Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based*
Marshall Islands Oceania Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Mauritania Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Mauritius Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Mexico North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Moldova Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Monaco Europe Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
No personal income tax
Mongolia Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Montenegro Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Morocco Middle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Mozambique Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Myanmar Asia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Citizenship-based*
Namibia Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Nauru Oceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Nepal Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Netherlands Europe Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
New Zealand Oceania Very expensive (6/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Residence-based
Nicaragua North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Niger Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Dangerous (5/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Nigeria Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
North Korea Asia Moderate (4/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5) Not enough information
North Macedonia Europe Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Norway Europe Extreme (7/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Oman Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very Low (5/5)
No personal income tax
Pakistan Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Palau Oceania Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Territorial
Palestine Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Panama North and South America Moderate (4/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Papua New Guinea Oceania Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Paraguay North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Peru North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Dangerous (5/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Philippines Asia Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based*
Poland Europe Very cheap (2/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Portugal Europe Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based*
Puerto Rico North and South America Moderate (4/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based*
Qatar Middle East and North Africa Expensive (5/7) The Safest (1/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
No personal income tax
Republic of the Congo Sub Saharan Africa Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Romania Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Russia Europe Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Rwanda Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Saint Kitts and Nevis North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
No personal income tax
Saint Lucia North and South America Moderate (4/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) Native
Territorial
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Native
Residence-based
Samoa Oceania Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Clean (2/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
San Marino Europe Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Sao Tome and Principe Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Saudi Arabia Middle East and North Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
No personal income tax*
Senegal Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Serbia Europe Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Seychelles Sub Saharan Africa Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Sierra Leone Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Singapore Asia Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Territorial
Slovakia Europe Inexpensive (3/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Slovenia Europe Inexpensive (3/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Solomon Islands Oceania Inexpensive (3/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Somalia Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
South Africa Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Average (3/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
South Korea Asia Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
South Sudan Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Bearable (4/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Spain Europe Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based*
Sri Lanka Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Sudan Middle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Uncomfortable (5/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Suriname North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Sweden Europe Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
Switzerland Europe Extreme (7/7) The Safest (1/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) High (2/5)
Residence-based
Syria Middle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Dangerous (5/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Very Low (5/5)
Territorial
Taiwan Asia Moderate (4/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Tajikistan Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Tanzania Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Thailand Asia Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based*
Timor-Leste Asia Very cheap (2/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Togo Oceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Tonga Oceania Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Trinidad and Tobago North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Average (3/5) Polluted (4/5) Native
Residence-based
Tunisia Middle East and North Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Turkey Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Turkmenistan Asia Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Very clean (1/5) Moderate (3/5)
Residence-based
Tuvalu Oceania Dirt-cheap (1/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Territorial
Uganda Sub Saharan Africa Dirt-cheap (1/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Very polluted (5/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
Ukraine Europe Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Moderate(3/5)
Residence-based
United Arab Emirates Middle East and North Africa Moderate (4/7) The Safest (1/7) Bearable (4/5) Average (3/5) Moderate (3/5)
No personal income tax
United Kingdom Europe Expensive (5/7) Very Safe (2/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Native
Residence-based*
United States North and South America Very expensive (6/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very clean (1/5) Native
Citizenship-based*
Uruguay North and South America Inexpensive (3/7) Safe (3/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Clean (2/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial*
Uzbekistan Asia Dirt-cheap (1/7) Safe (3/7) Average (3/5) Average (3/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Vanuatu Oceania Expensive (5/7) Safe (3/7) Comfortable (2/5) Clean (2/5) Moderate(3/5)
No personal income tax
Venezuela North and South America Very cheap (2/7) Extremely Dangerous (7/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Vietnam Asia Very cheap (2/7) Very Safe (2/7) Average (3/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Residence-based
Yemen Middle East and North Africa Very cheap (2/7) Very Dangerous (6/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Very Low (5/5)
Residence-based
Zambia Sub Saharan Africa Very cheap (2/7) Average (4/7) Comfortable (2/5) Very polluted (5/5) Low (4/5)
Territorial
Zimbabwe Sub Saharan Africa Inexpensive (3/7) Average (4/7) Very comfortable (1/5) Polluted (4/5) Very High (1/5)
Residence-based
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